Author Topic: What are you currently reading?  (Read 732190 times)

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Offline Brian

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1740 on: September 10, 2008, 12:43:49 PM »
50 Reasons People Give for Believing in a God, by Guy P. Harrison. The main focus of Harrison's writing being to "answer" each; unfortunately, nearly every shred of material in the book is something I've read before. Not a particularly original or insightful work, by any means, and Harrison's allusions to his own life, with their weird mix of gratuitousness and terseness, manage to be both blatant and tentative at the same time.

M forever

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1741 on: September 10, 2008, 01:31:53 PM »
I think any book written by Solzhenitsyn would be good.

Which books by him have you read? Which one would you recommend? I am thinking that his books might be more specialized. At this moment, I am more looking for the larger overview over the epoch and its key figures.

Haffner

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1742 on: September 10, 2008, 01:49:39 PM »
If you haven't read The Gulag Archipelago  yet, it might be your top priority. I don't remember it being primarily/directly about Stalin, but it's still a very brilliant book (quite a bit difficult to read at times, like most really great books). I believe that Stalin is referred to as Satan in more than one part of this book, so it isn't what some would call "objective".

Of course, after reading that book one could conceivably see the whole thing as being "about Stalin", so I'm not 100% sure what you're looking for.

Offline Anne

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1743 on: September 10, 2008, 02:29:25 PM »
Which books by him have you read? Which one would you recommend? I am thinking that his books might be more specialized. At this moment, I am more looking for the larger overview over the epoch and its key figures.

March - April 2008
Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the Nobel Prize-winning author whose books chronicled the horrors of the Soviet gulag system, has died at age 89, his son said today.

Stepan Solzhenitsyn said his father died late yesterday of heart failure, but declined further comment. Solzhenitsyn's unflinching accounts of torment and survival in the Soviet Union's slave labor camps riveted his countrymen, whose secret history he exposed. They earned him 20 years of bitter exile, but international renown.

And they inspired millions, perhaps, with the knowledge that one person's courage and integrity could, in the end, defeat the totalitarian machinery of an empire.

Beginning with the 1962 short novel One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, Solzhenitsyn devoted himself to describing what he called the human "meat grinder" that had caught him along with millions of other Soviet citizens: capricious arrests, often for trifling and seemingly absurd reasons, followed by sentences to slave labor camps where cold, starvation and punishing work crushed inmates physically and spiritually.

His Gulag Archipelago trilogy of the 1970s left readers shocked by the savagery of the Soviet state under the dictator Josef Stalin. It helped erase lingering sympathy for the Soviet Union among many leftist intellectuals, especially in Europe.

But his account of that secret system of prison camps was also inspiring in its description of how one person - Solzhenitsyn himself - survived, physically and spiritually, in a penal system of soul-crushing hardship and injustice.

The West offered him shelter and accolades. But Solzhenitsyn's refusal to bend despite enormous pressure, perhaps, also gave him the courage to criticise Western culture for what he considered its weakness and decadence.

After a triumphant return that included a 56-day train trip across Russia to become reacquainted with his native land, Solzhenitsyn later expressed annoyance and disappointment that most Russians hadn't read his books.

During the 1990s, his stalwart nationalist views, his devout Orthodoxy, his disdain for capitalism and disgust with the tycoons who bought Russian industries and resources for kopeks on the ruble following the Soviet collapse, were unfashionable. He faded from public view.

But under Vladimir Putin's 2000-2008 presidency, Solzhenitsyn's vision of Russia as a bastion of Orthodox Christianity, as a place with a unique culture and destiny, gained renewed prominence.

Putin now argues, as Solzhenitsyn did in a speech at Harvard University in 1978, that Russia has a separate civilisation from the West, one that can't be reconciled either to Communism or Western-style liberal democracy, but requires a system adapted to its history and traditions.

"Any ancient deeply rooted autonomous culture, especially if it is spread on a wide part of the earth's surface, constitutes an autonomous world, full of riddles and surprises to Western thinking," Solzhenitsyn said in his speech. "For one thousand years Russia has belonged to such a category ... "

Born December 11, 1918, in Kislovodsk, Solzhenitsyn served as a front-line artillery captain in World War II, where, in the closing weeks of the war, he was arrested for writing what he called "certain disrespectful remarks" about Stalin in a letter to a friend, referring to him as "the man with the moustache". He served seven years in a labor camp in the barren steppe of Kazakhstan and three more years in internal exile in Central Asia.

That's where he began to write, memorising much of his work so it wouldn't be lost if it were seized. His theme was the suffering and injustice of life in Stalin's gulag - a Soviet abbreviation for the slave labor camp system, which Solzhenitsyn made part of the lexicon.

He continued writing while working as a mathematics teacher in the provincial Russian city of Ryazan.

The first fruit of this labour was One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, the story of a carpenter struggling to survive in a Soviet labor camp, where he had been sent, like Solzhenitsyn, after service in the war.

The book was published by order of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, who was eager to discredit the abuses of Stalin, his predecessor, and created a sensation in a country where unpleasant truths were spoken in whispers, if at all. Abroad, the book - which went through numerous revisions - was lauded not only for its bravery, but for its spare, unpretentious language.

After Khrushchev was ousted in 1964, Solzhenitsyn began facing KGB harassment, publication of his works was blocked and he was expelled from the Soviet Writers Union. But he was undeterred.

"A great writer is, so to speak, a secret government in his country," he wrote in The First Circle, his next novel, a book about inmates in one of Stalin's "special camps" for scientists who were deemed politically unreliable but whose skills were essential.

Solzhenitsyn, a graduate from the Department of Physics and Mathematics at Rostov University, was sent to one of these camps in 1946, soon after his arrest.

The novel Cancer Ward, which appeared in 1967, was another fictional worked based on Solzhenitsyn's life: in this case, his cancer treatment in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, then part of Soviet Central Asia, during his years of internal exile from March 1953, the month of Stalin's death, until June 1956.

In the book, cancer became a metaphor for the fatal sickness of the Soviet system. "A man sprouts a tumour and dies - how then can a country live that has sprouted camps and exile?"

He attacked the complicity of millions of Russians in the horrors of Stalin's reign. "Suddenly all the professors and engineers turned out to be saboteurs - and they believed it? ... Or all of Lenin's old guard were vile renegades - and they believed it? Suddenly all their friends and acquaintances were enemies of the people - and they believed it?"

The Stalinist era, he wrote, quoting from a poem by Alexander Pushkin, forced Soviet citizens to choose one of three roles: tyrant, traitor, prisoner.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970, an unusual move for the Swedish Academy, which generally makes awards late in an author's life after decades of work. The academy cited "the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature."

Soviet authorities barred the author from travelling to Stockholm to receive the award and official attacks were intensified in 1973 when the first book in the Gulag trilogy appeared in Paris.

"During all the years until 1961," Solzhenitsyn wrote in an autobiography written for the Nobel Foundation, "not only was I convinced that I should never see a single line of mine in print in my lifetime, but, also, I scarcely dared allow any of my close acquaintances to read anything I had written because I feared that this would become known."

The following year, he was arrested on a treason charge and expelled the next day to West Germany in handcuffs. His expulsion inspired worldwide condemnation of the regime of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.

Solzhenitsyn made his homeland in America, settling in the tiny town of Cavendish, Vermont, with his wife and sons.

Living at a secluded hillside compound he rarely left, he called his 18 years there the most productive of his life. There he worked on what he considered to be his life's work, a multi-volume saga of Russian history titled The Red Wheel.

Although free from repression, Solzhenitsyn longed for his native land. Neither was he enchanted by Western democracy, with its emphasis on individual freedom.

To the dismay of his supporters, in his Harvard speech he rejected the West's faith in "Western pluralistic democracy" as the model for all other nations. It was a mistake, he warned, for Western societies to regard the failure of the rest of the world to adopt the democratic model as a product of "wicked governments or by heavy crises or by their own barbarity or incomprehension".

Some critics saw The Red Wheel books as tedious and hectoring, rather than as sweeping and lit by moral fire.

"Exile from his great theme, Stalinism and the gulag, had exposed his major weaknesses," D.M. Thomas wrote in a 1998 biography, theorising that the intensity of the earlier works was "a projection of his own repressed violence".

Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev restored Solzhenitsyn's citizenship in 1990 and the treason charge was finally dropped in 1991, less than a month after the failed Soviet coup. Following an emotional homecoming that started in the Russian Far East on May 27, 1994, and became a whistle-stop tour across the country, Solzhenitsyn settled in a tree-shaded, red brick home overlooking the Moscow River just west of the capital.

While avoiding a partisan political role, Solzhenitsyn vowed to speak "the whole truth about Russia, until they shut my mouth like before".

He was contemptuous of president Boris Yeltsin, blaming Yeltsin for the collapse of Russia's economy, his dependence on bailouts by the International Monetary Fund, his inability to stop the expansion of NATO to Russia's borders, his tolerance of the rising influence of a handful of Russian billionaires - who were nicknamed "oligarchs" by an American diplomat.

Yeltsin's reign, Solzhenitsyn said, marked one of three "times of troubles" in Russian history - which included the 17th century crises that led to the rise of the Romanovs and the 1917 Bolshevik revolution. When Yeltsin awarded Solzhenitsyn Russia's highest honour, the Order of St Andrew, the writer refused to accept it. When Yeltsin left office in 2000, Solzhenitsyn wanted him prosecuted.

The author's last book, 2001's Two Hundred Years Together, addressed the complex emotions of Russian-Jewish relations. Some criticised the book for alleged anti-Semitic passages, but the author denied the charge, saying he "understood the subtlety, sensitivity and kindheartedness of the Jewish character".

Putin, Yeltsin's successor, at first had a rocky relationship with Solzhenitsyn, who criticised the Russian president in 2002 for not doing more to crack down on Russia's oligarchs. Putin was also a veteran of the Soviet-era KGB, the agency that, more than any other, represented the Soviet legacy of repression.

But the two men, so different, gradually developed a rapport. By steps, Putin adopted Solzhenitsyn's criticisms of the West, perhaps out of a recognition that Russia really is a different civilisation, perhaps because the author offered justification for the Kremlin's determination to muzzle critics, to reassert control over Russia's natural resources and to concentrate political power.

Like Putin, Solzhenitsyn argued that Russia was following its own path to its own form of democratic society. In a June 2005 interview with state television he said that Russia had lost 15 years following the collapse of the Soviet Union by moving too quickly in the rush to build a more liberal society. "We need to be better, so we need to go more slowly," he said

Following the death of Naguib Mahfouz in 2006, Solzhenitsyn became the oldest living Nobel laureate in literature. He is survived by his wife, Natalya, who acted as his spokesman, and his three sons, including Stepan, Ignat, a pianist and conductor, and Yermolai. All live in the United States.

Despite his belief in a separate political and cultural fate for Russia, Solzhenitsyn's works continue to inspire people of all nations and cultures in the fight for human dignity and the right to hold unpopular views.

His belief in the power of conscience, and of courage against all odds, speaks to readers beyond the narrow limits of ideology and politics.

"It is we who shall die - art shall remain," he wrote in his 1970 Nobel lecture, which he was not allowed to deliver. "And shall we comprehend, even on the day of our destruction, all its facets and all its possibilities?"

Select bibliography

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962)

Matryona's Home (1963)

Incident at Krechekovta Station (short stories) (1963)

The First Circle (1968)

Cancer Ward (1968)

August 1914 (first part of Red Wheel cycle) (1971)

The Gulag Archipelago Vol. I (1973)

The Gulag Archipelago Vol. II (1974)

Letter to Soviet Leaders (1974)

The Oak and the Calf (play) (1975)

Lenin in Zurich (1975)

The Gulag Archipelago Vol. III (1976)

Prisoners (play) (1983)

October 1916 (second part Red Wheel cycle) (1985)

March 1917 (third part of Red Wheel cycle) (1993)

The Russian Question at theEnd of the 20th Century (1994)

Russia in Collapse (1998)


« Last Edit: September 10, 2008, 03:22:43 PM by Anne »

Offline Anne

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1744 on: September 10, 2008, 03:19:42 PM »
M,
I apologize for the length of the reply but thought it would be of more value to you.  I read One Day in the Life of Ivan D. and enjoyed it very much.

My husband read First Circle, Cancer Ward, Gulag Archipelago, August 1914.  In addition, he may have read more that I am not aware of as we had twins about that time and I was taking care of babies.

We thought all of these books were good.  I had always intended to return to them.
« Last Edit: September 11, 2008, 11:25:26 AM by Anne »

M forever

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1745 on: September 10, 2008, 04:27:59 PM »
Oh, that's a long article. Thanks for posting that, I will read it later.

I'm not 100% sure what you're looking for.

At this moment, I am more looking for the larger overview over the epoch and its key figures.

Like the books I mentioned, the Stalin books by Montefiore or this book whose pic somehow didn't make it into the other post:


Offline rubio

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1746 on: September 11, 2008, 11:02:53 AM »
A very interesting read. Cambodias adaption of "communism" was a quite strange brand. Actually, Pol Pot was more inspired by the French Revolution than by Marx and Lenin. Their obsession with critique and self-critique was bizarre, and confessions were brought out in the prisons like a purifying act with death as a cetain outcome. One goal was to erase everything resembling own, critical thoughts. 1/4 of the population died during this terror regime. Incredible that they managed to move the entire population (2 mill people) out of Phnom Pehn during the first 24 hours after their victory. And money and banking system was shut down fast. Still there is a city in Cambodia, Skuon, popularly called Spiderville where many inhabitants eat spiders for breakfast, lunch and dinner. This is an inheritage from the Red Khmer era when food hardly existed for many people, and they had to take what they could find.

“One good thing about music, when it hits- you feel no pain” Bob Marley

mn dave

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1747 on: September 12, 2008, 04:07:51 AM »
I'm reading an excellent crime novel called THE CHILL by Ross MacDonald.

rockerreds

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1748 on: September 12, 2008, 08:41:45 AM »
I'm reading an excellent crime novel called THE CHILL by Ross MacDonald.
I've read it-great book.

mn dave

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1749 on: September 12, 2008, 08:49:41 AM »
I've read it-great book.

Yep. I need more MacDonald. :)

Haffner

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1750 on: September 12, 2008, 09:21:08 AM »
The Master

mn dave

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1751 on: September 12, 2008, 09:26:53 AM »
Too much reliance on images. I can't see that. :(

Haffner

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1752 on: September 12, 2008, 09:55:26 AM »
Too much reliance on images. I can't see that. :(



My post? It's "Black Night: the Unofficial Ritchie Blackmore Biography"

mn dave

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1753 on: September 12, 2008, 09:58:52 AM »
Oh, THAT master. :)

Haffner

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1754 on: September 12, 2008, 10:00:12 AM »
Oh, THAT master. :)



I had a feeling you'd be feeling me on this one, Dave :).

mn dave

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1755 on: September 12, 2008, 10:01:06 AM »


I had a feeling you'd be feeling me on this one, Dave :).

Nice to "see" ya by the way.

Haffner

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1756 on: September 12, 2008, 10:07:16 AM »
Nice to "see" ya by the way.
   


Right back at ya!


I got both this book and "Judas Priest: Heavy Metal Painkillers" by Martin Popoff for my birthday today.

mn dave

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1757 on: September 12, 2008, 10:15:06 AM »
   


Right back at ya!


I got both this book and "Judas Priest: Heavy Metal Painkillers" by Martin Popoff for my birthday today.

And happy birthday.

You ought to check out that Dunderthome! link on my website. ;) Just scroll down. You'll see it.

Haffner

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1758 on: September 12, 2008, 10:21:50 AM »
And happy birthday.

You ought to check out that Dunderthome! link on my website. ;) Just scroll down. You'll see it.



ZOMBIES!!!! YESSSS!

'There dude, and signing up.

mn dave

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Re: What are you currently reading?
« Reply #1759 on: September 12, 2008, 10:24:28 AM »


ZOMBIES!!!! YESSSS!

'There dude, and signing up.

Sweeet. We need more BLOOD there.

 

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