has been around since music began in medieval times. Its usual form is a setting of the Catholic liturgical mass for the dead, with its descriptions of damnation and please for the souls to be spared the horrors of hell.
Good-Music-Guide has previously featured the Requiems of Faure
each unique in its own way.
The German Requiem
of Brahms is probably the most unique of all. As Brahms himself said, it is less a Requiem for the dead than one for the living, less a work of religion than a work of humanity.
Ein deutsches Requiem
was Brahms' first great orchestral success. He started work on it in his mid 20's and completed it in 1868, when he was just 35.
The two big events that inspired the rather secular Brahms to write for this form was the death of his close friend Robert Schumman in 1856 and of his mother in 1865. While he had six movements finished prior to her death, he added a seventh (now the fifth) As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you
and dedicated the entire work to his mother, Schumann and humanity.
German Requiem Manuscript
Like all great works of art, it has transcended its origins, and has become one of the greatest choral works ever written.
Brahms did away with the standard fire and brimstone texts of the traditional Requiem and instead used German translations of his own selected Biblical texts. Brahms' Requiem is feminine, comforting, uplifting.
Brahms was aften attacked for his disregard for church dogma, and his secular attitide. He replied nevertheless, I have my own faith. His point is that there is God, or a spirit in all of us, that humanity has the power for good, for nobility, for a higher purpose.
It is ironic that Brahms died just 17 years before the start of the barbarity of World War I.
Brahms was a deep, serious man. I never laugh on the inside
he once said. He was also extremely shy. All his emotions he expressed through his music. And this early work is one of the beautifully expresed and personal of all his compositions. At 76 minutes, it requires a serious commitment, but it will leave you feeling on top of the world.
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A German Requiem
Ein deutsches Requiem
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
Herbert von Karajan
Jose Van Dam
Ein deutsches Requiem op.45
- Selig sind, die da Leid tragen
- Denn alles Fleisch, es ist wie Gras
- Herr, lehre doch mich
- Wie lieblich sind Deine Wohnungen
- Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit
- Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt
- Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herrn sterben